首页 小组 文章 搜索 用户
全部 linux Nginx Apache PHP DNS windows 其它 同步与备份 js 数据库 前端 unix

centos7下编译安装bind9.15.8或bind-9.16.5版本使用mysql电信移动智能解析

天边的云
发表于 2020-10-24 09:05:54

测试环境:centos7,ip地址为,192.168.0.6,先打开dns的防火墙

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=53/udp --permanent
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=953/udp --permanent
firewall-cmd --reload

安装yum源

wget  https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm

安装必备组件

yum install -y libuv libuv-devel pcre-devel zlib-devel gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake make pcre-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel openldap-devel unixODBC-devel gcc libtool openssl

安装mysql:https://www.osyum.com/article/show/319/

yum install mysql-community-devel.x86_64 -y

编辑/etc/my.conf,在[mysqld]下加入

wait_timeout = 864000
interactive_timeout = 864000

可有效的防止mysql无查询重连接问题

创建软连

ln -sv /usr/lib64/mysql/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so

下载并编译安装bind9,如果是bind-9.16.5,替换以下载地址为:http://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/9.16.5/bind-9.16.5.tar.xz

wget http://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/9.15.8/bind-9.15.8.tar.xz
tar -Jxvf bind-9.15.8.tar.xz
cd bind-9.15.8
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/bind --enable-threads --enable-largefile --enable-ipv6 --with-openssl --with-dlz-mysql=/usr --without-python  --disable-linux-caps
make&&make install

创建bind运行用户组使其运行在用户模式下,增强安全性

useradd -s /sbin/nologin -M named
mkdir /usr/local/bind/log/
chown -R named:named /usr/local/bind/

加入环境变量

echo "export PATH=${PATH}:/usr/local/bind/sbin/:/usr/local/bind/bin/" >> /etc/profile
source /etc/profile

生成配置文件

cd /usr/local/bind/sbin/
./rndc-confgen > /usr/local/bind/etc/rndc.conf
cd /usr/local/bind/etc

注意,下面有个反杠,一定要打上

tail -10 rndc.conf | head -9 | sed -e s/# //g > named.conf

如下,一定要注意


下载ca文件

wget http://www.internic.net/domain/named.root

编辑named.conf文件,头部增加以下内容

options {
pid-file "named.pid";
directory "/usr/local/bind/etc";
forwarders { 8.8.8.8; };
forward only;
recursion yes;
};

在尾部加入如下内容

include "/usr/local/bind/etc/ipalc.conf";
include "/usr/local/bind/etc/view.conf";

创建ipalc.conf文件

输入以下IP地址可以去https://ispip.clang.cn/找最新的ip段有ipv6,以下是电信v4和v6为例

v4,语法acl "ctcc" {ip段; #一行一个IP段};

v4例:

acl "ctcc" {
1.0.1.0/24;
};

v6语法

acl "ctccv6" {ip段; #一行一个IP段};

例:

acl "ctccv6" {
2001:7fa:10::/48;
};

你还可以加移动或联通,还可以分香港等地的段等,每一个段一个acl。

创建view.conf文件

定义view以刚刚创建的中国电信的ipv4为例

view "ctcc_view" {

 match-clients           { ctcc; };
 allow-query-cache       { ctcc; };
 allow-recursion         { ctcc; };
 allow-transfer          { none; };

   dlz "Mysql zone" {
   database "mysql
   {host=127.0.0.1 dbname=bind ssl=false port=3306 user=bind pass=W123456W^& }
   {select zone from dns_records where zone = '$zone$' limit 1}
   {select  ttl, type, mx_priority, case when lower(type)='txt' then concat('"', data, '"') when lower(type) = 'soa' then  concat_ws(' ', data, resp_person, serial, refresh, retry, expire, minimum) else data end as mydata from dns_records where zone = '$zone$' and host = '$record$' and ups='0' and view like (select case when view='ctcc' then 'ctcc' else 'any' end as views from dns_records where zone='$zone$' and host='$record$' order by views desc limit 1)}
   {}
   {select  ttl, type, host, mx_priority, case when lower(type)='txt' then concat('"', data, '"') else data end as mydata, resp_person, serial, refresh, retry, expire, minimum from dns_records where zone = '$zone$' and ups='0' and view like (select case when view='ctcc' then 'ctcc' else 'any' end as views from dns_records where zone='$zone$' and host='$record$' order by views desc limit 1)}";
   };
};

注意以上段在concat('"',data,'"')中少了两个反杠,正确应该是特别注意

有几个alc段就要建几个view,接下来创建默认线路,默认的一般放到最后,这样子会先搜前面的ip段,如果没有才会找到默认段

view "any_view" {

 match-clients           { any; };
 allow-query-cache       { any; };
 allow-recursion         { any; };
 allow-transfer          { none; };

   dlz "Mysql zone" {
   database "mysql
   {host=127.0.0.1 dbname=bind ssl=false port=3306 user=bind pass=W123456W^& }
   {select zone from dns_records where zone = '$zone$' and view='any' limit 1}
   {select  ttl, type, mx_priority, case when lower(type)='txt' then concat('"', data, '"') when lower(type) = 'soa' then  concat_ws(' ', data, resp_person, serial, refresh, retry, expire, minimum) else data end as mydata from dns_records where zone = '$zone$' and host = '$record$' and view='any' and ups='0'}
   {}
   {select  ttl, type, host, mx_priority, case when lower(type)='txt' then concat('"', data, '"') else data end as mydata, resp_person, serial, refresh, retry, expire, minimum from dns_records where zone = '$zone$' and view='any' and ups='0'}";
   };
};

注意以上段在concat('"',data,'"')中少了两个反杠,正确应该是特别注意

保存退出。

配置mysql,创建一个bind的用户和数据库密码为W123456W^&

mysql -u root -p

输入mysql的root密码

create database bind;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON bind.* TO 'bind'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'W123456W^&';

进入bind数据库并创建表,注意修改其中的ns.osyum.com和ns1.osyum.com

use bind;
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `dns_records` (
  `id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `zone` varchar(255) NOT NULL COMMENT '域名',
  `host` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT '@' COMMENT '主机名',
  `type` enum('A','MX','CNAME','NS','SOA','PTR','TXT','AAAA','SVR','URL') NOT NULL COMMENT '记录类型',
  `data` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '记录值,IP或别名等',
  `ttl` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '3600' COMMENT 'TTL时间',
  `view` varchar(30) NOT NULL DEFAULT 'any' COMMENT '线路',
  `mx_priority` int(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT 'MX优化值',
  `refresh` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '28800' COMMENT '刷新时间',
  `retry` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '14400' COMMENT '重新时间',
  `expire` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '86400' COMMENT '超时',
  `minimum` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '86400' COMMENT '最小时间',
  `serial` bigint(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '2020102400' COMMENT '序列号',
  `resp_person` varchar(64) NOT NULL DEFAULT 'ns.osyum.com' COMMENT '主域名',
  `primary_ns` varchar(64) NOT NULL DEFAULT 'ns1.osyum.com.' COMMENT '主NS',
  `second_ns` varchar(64) NOT NULL DEFAULT 'ns1.osyum.com.' COMMENT '辅NS',
  `data_count` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `ups` tinyint(1) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '状态',
  `avil` tinyint(1) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '使用状态',
  `uis` tinyint(1) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0' COMMENT 'URL转发1/2',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  KEY `type` (`type`),
  KEY `host` (`host`),
  KEY `zone` (`zone`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=6 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
刷新权限并退出
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
quit

测试启动

/usr/local/bind/sbin/named -c /usr/local/bind/etc/named.conf -f -g -u named

看有无报错

后台启动

/usr/local/bind/sbin/named -c /usr/local/bind/etc/named.conf -f -g -u named &

插入SOA数据

mysql -uroot -posyum123258
use bind;
INSERT INTO `dns_records` VALUES ('8', 'osyum.com', '@', 'SOA', '10.0.0.30', '3600', 'any', null, '28800', '14400', '86400', '86400', '2020102116', 'osyum.com.', 'ns.osyum.com', 'ns1.osyum.com', '0', '0', '0', '0');

插入默认线路

INSERT INTO `dns_records` VALUES ('9', 'osyum.com', 'www', 'A', '10.0.0.30', '3600', 'any', null, '28800', '14400', '86400', '86400', '2020102116', 'osyum.com.', 'ns.osyum.com', 'ns1.osyum.com', '0', '0', '0', '0');

插入电信线路

INSERT INTO `dns_records` VALUES ('10', 'osyum.com', 'www', 'A', '10.0.0.30', '3600', 'cctc', null, '28800', '14400', '86400', '86400', '2020102116', 'osyum.com.', 'ns.osyum.com', 'ns1.osyum.com', '0', '0', '0', '0');

如需主从同步,可以使用mysql同步

停止方法

/usr/local/bind/sbin/rndc stop

加入系统启动,创建/lib/systemd/system/named.service文件,输入以下代码

[Unit]
Description=Berkeley Internet Name Domain (DNS)
Wants=nss-lookup.target
Wants=named-setup-rndc.service
Before=nss-lookup.target
After=network.target
After=named-setup-rndc.service
[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/usr/local/bind/sbin/named -c /usr/local/bind/etc/named.conf -u named
ExecReload=/usr/local/bind/sbin/rndc reload
ExecStop=/usr/local/bind/sbin/rndc stop
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

保存退出,创建软连

ln -s /lib/systemd/system/named.service /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/named

载入启动

systemctl daemon-reload

启动named

systemctl start named

停止

systemctl stop named

加入系统启动

systemctl enable named

完成




162 0

评论